The Difference between Dentures and Partials
What are Dentures?
Dentures are removable artificial teeth that replace the missing teeth and surrounding tissues.
Someone who has missing teeth due to an accident, extensive gum disease or damaged teeth that couldn’t be saved may need dentures.
The material used to fabricate dentures is hard resin. Resin is not as durable and it may chip and wear out quicker than your natural teeth. It is recommended to replace your dentures every five years.
There are two types of dentures – full (complete) dentures and partial dentures.
What are Full (Complete) Dentures?
Full dentures, also known as complete dentures are dentures that replace all of your natural teeth in either the upper or lower arch.
Dentures are customized to the patient’s mouth, and appearance can be very esthetic and natural looking. When a complete denture is the only alternative it may be a significant improvement over decayed, missing and diseased teeth and gums.
Complete dentures may be inserted onto implants in the jaw which can increase stability, preservation and ability to function, also known as overdenture. The denture is removable but secured by retentive abutment on the implant which seats into the denture.
A period of adjusting to new dentures must be foreseen. This includes learning to wear, eat and speak with your new denture.
There are two types of complete dentures: immediate and conventional dentures.
Immediate dentures can be inserted on the same day, immediately after the removal of natural teeth. Immediate denture will relieve the anxiety of a person to never appear in public without teeth. When an immediate denture is inserted at the time of extraction, it will act as a seal to protect the tissues and reduce bleeding. An immediate denture will allow you to establish your speech patterns early and allow you to chew more comfortably than without any teeth.
Conventional dentures are dentures made after the teeth have been removed and the gums are healed. The dentist may ask the patient to wait a few weeks before taking impressions. Once the gums have healed, the dentist will take several impressions of your arch and measures the space in your mouth. A custom tray made of acrylic is used to fabricate a more accurate impression of your arch. Once the impression visit is complete, the dentures may take another few weeks before they are ready. Once you receive your permanent dentures, your dentist will recommend home care instructions. It’s important to ensure a good fit right away, because poorly fitting dentures can be irritating to the gums. Once you have adjusted to the dentures, you can remove them at night to allow normal stimulation of the gum tissues by the tongue and saliva, which helps keep your gum tissue healthy.
Complete dentures are recommended when:
- All set of teeth have been removed
- The remaining teeth can’t be saved
- The remaining teeth cannot support a partial denture and no other alternatives are available
What are Partial Dentures?
Partial dentures are designed to fill the gap of missing teeth on either arch.
This is a plate with one or more false teeth on it. It may be all acrylic or a mixture of metal and acrylic. Both types may have retainers to help keep the denture in place in your mouth. There are two types of partial dentures: fixed and removable.
Fixed partial dentures are non-removable oral devices. Dental implant bridges are artificial tooth roots with dental crowns that provide a permanent base, attached directly into the jaw to replace one or more missing teeth. Fixed bridges are a great solution for those who have a single missing tooth but healthy teeth on each side. The bridge consists of crowns on each side and a pontic in between that replaces the missing tooth. Fixed bridges are cemented and remain in your mouth at all times.
Removable partial dentures are designed to be removed and placed into the mouth. They replace one or more missing teeth. Some partial dentures are made almost entirely of acrylic that has wire clasps that attach to any remaining natural teeth. Cast metal removable partial dentures are the most common type that consists of replacement teeth made of durable materials on a rigid cast metal frame. The metal frame is not visible, but the clasps may be seen when smiling. Made with acrylic, a cast metal removable partial denture can last for many years.
The fit of the partial is very important to evenly distribute your biting, prevent distress to your gums and natural teeth, and look and function as normally as possible.
Partial dentures are usually recommended when:
- You have one or more missing teeth
- You struggle to eat certain types of food due to missing, crooked or damaged teeth
- You have chronic toothaches
- Your teeth re loose or shifting
- You are self-conscious about your smile due to missing teeth
Contact Us If You Need Dentures in Sugar Land
If you think you may need dentures or a partial please give Smiles on Greatwood Dentistry a call at (281) 937-7530 to speak to Dr. Akbar Jafferally or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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